|How long does it take to develop a tan?|
This depends on your skin type. Generally most people can acquire a base tan on our Level 1 sun beds in 7 to 12 sessions done in a 14 to 21 day period. Fewer sessions are needed in our higher levels and a base tan can be achieved in our high pressure beds in as few as 3 sessions. When starting out, we will recommend shorter sessions, gradually building to the full session length. It is important not to overexpose your skin during this period, as sunburn halts the tanning process. The Food and Drug Administration suggests that a 48 hour time period should pass between tanning sessions. Pigmentation and/or sunburn may not be fully visible for between 12-24 hours. Thus, two tanning sessions within a 24 hour period could cause an unintentional burn. Following the recommendation of your tanning consultant will provide the best results.
|Do you have to tan everyday for a great tan?|
You should not tan every day. It takes as long as 24 hours for pigmentation and any skin reddening to become fully visable. A responsible tanner observes his or her’s skin reaction after exposure in order to determine if subsequent exposure is recommended to maintain a tan.
|How often should I tan?|
When you first start to build your base, we will develop a schedule for you based on your skin type and any prior tanning history. After you have reached your desired darkness, 2 to 3 sessions per week should be enough to maintain your new tan. We recommend tanning every other day to avoid overexposure.
|Why does a tan fade?|
Cells in the epidermis’ germinative layer (also called the living epidermis) are constantly reproducing and pushing older cells upward toward the horny layer (dead epidermis). This top layer of your skin (your tan) is sloughed off continuously. As your skin replaces its cells, the cells laden with melanin are removed. The new cells need UV exposure to stimulate melanin production, so the tanning process must continue with the new cells.
|What is the tanning process?|
|Why should I tan indoors?|
The advantage of tanning indoors is control. The UV light is controlled both in quantity and quality. Indoors you receive a measured amount for a specified period of time. Out doors the process is subject to any external factors such as time of year, time of day, cloud cover, reflective surface, etc. Indoor tanning is in a controlled environment while outdoor tanning is in an uncontrolled environment.
|What should I wear when tanning indoors?|
You may wear whatever you wish. The tanning room is private so no one will see you. Some tanners wear a swimsuit or undergarments and some prefer to wear nothing at all. The age old question “Tan lines of not”, it’s up to you. If you tan naked those areas not normally exposed may be sensitive, especially when first starting. You should cover these areas for portions of your session and allow gradual exposure.
|Can I catch germs from the tanning bed?|
Not if you tan in a reputable certified tanning salon that cleans their beds with sanitizer after every use. You can be sure we clean our beds.
|Do I need to wear eye protection when tanning indoors?|
Yes. The Food and Drug Administration (21 CRF 1040.20) requires that protective eyewear which meets its transmissions specifications be worn. Your eyelids do not provide adequate protection from UV light. Although there may be no immediate symptoms, damage may be occurring to your eyes which can lead to vision problems. Always wear eye protection when tanning. Some state regulations require the salon operator to refuse tanning services to those who will not wear eyewear.
|Can I shower after I tan?|
Yes, you can. However, taking a shower or bath removes the mantel acid from you skin and will actually slow down or stop the tanning process. We recommend that you not shower for about 2 hours afterwards.
|A 20 minute session in a tanning bed is equivalent to how many hours in the natural sun?|
It is difficult to make a simple comparison between the sun and modern indoor tanning equipment. Just as various kinds of indoor tanning lamps and equipment differ in spectral output and energy emitted, the sun’s strength is dependent on several factors as well, such as the time of day or year, the latitude, cloud cover, pollution and reflection. Consequently, there is no formula for relating indoor tanning exposure times to outdoor exposure times.
|Can the UV rays emitted by indoor tanning lamps pass through the skin and affect internal organs?|
The UV rays emitted by indoor tanning lamps do not emit sufficient energy to penetrate past the skin layers. Thus, despite claims and rumors to the contrary, internal organs are not directly impacted by longer wave UV light.
|What causes white spots?|
There are several reasons why white spots become noticeable on the body once the tanning process begins:
-Patches of skin which do not tan could be the result of genetic determination. The melanocytes in that certain area may simply not be efficient at producing melanin.
-White spots could also appear due to the presence of a fungus which lives on the skin’s surface. While the fungus is harmless, it does absorb UV light which would normally penetrate the skin. This fungus did not appear as a result of tanning; it merely becomes noticeable once tanning occurs. It can be remedied through the use of prescription drugs or some other topical lotions.
-White patches of skin, which are often prominent on the shoulder blades and just above the buttocks, can be caused from the pressure of the body as it reclines on a hard suface. This pressure inhibits the flow of blood through that area of the skin. Since blood carries oxygen which is essential to the tanning process, this area does not tan. Periodic body shifting during tanning will make these white patches disappear.
-Certain medications can react unfavorably with exposure to UV light. For example, birth control pills cause blotches and uneven pigmentation of the skin.
|Why should I use a professional tanning product?|
Unlike their cheaper drugstore relatives, professional products use ingredients that mirror those in high-end cosmetics products and, in many cases, lead the beauty industry in the use of cutting-edge technology. Higher grade ingredients help deliver better results and extend the life of your tan. The higher cost of professional tanning products comes partly from the higher cost of top-grade raw materials, and because of the high grade raw materials, professional product companies are often in a better position to attract the best chemists and are among the first to see new breakthrough before they hit the mass market. For example Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) were only used in professional products when they first hit the market, now after extensive use in professional skin care brands, AHA made their way into retail products. Other cutting-edge ingredients include costly tyrosine; tingling ingredients; and skin care nutrients , such as coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a natural factor that guards against wrinkles. Also, you find top- grade essential oils, photosomes that allow skin to repair itself after UV exposure and DNA repair enzymes which safeguard against against acute damage. The body can repair DNA on its own, but if its inundated with excessive amounts of UV radiation, the process can be hindered. DNA repair enzymes ENHANCE the body’s natural function. Amino acids that stimulate melanin directly contribute to a deeper tan. Over the counter ingredients usually only contain moisturizing ingredients with no melanin stimulating ingredients. They may also contain synthesized ingredients, high quantities of preservatives and artificial colorants and fragrances that can reduce efficiency.
Professional products are made of a better grade than drug store brands. Professional brands usually contain SHEA BUTTER; it is a natural m oisturizer that comes from an African tree. Drug store consumers usually must settle for the related but lower grade cocoa butter which tends to be greasier. Drug store brands often use mineral oils to hydrate which can leave a milky film on the acrylics. Professional products contain water-attracting hyraluronic acids and exotic borage and hemp oils. These oils also serve the skin as anti-inflammatories, helping to enchance the tanning process. You want the skin to concentrate on making melanin, if it’s inflamed or burned, the concentration will be on the burn.
Vitamin C, which is inherently unstable, can easily break down in a product. Most mass-market products lack the complex formulation to keep Vitamin C stable. Even through the label claims it’s there, if you analyzed the product for Vitamin C, you wouldn’t find it because it has fallen apart in the formulation.
The high end moisturizers found in professional formulas can extend a customers tan beyond the limits of a drug store product. Melanin is formed in the deep layers, and then travels through the skin and up to the surface, where it is sloughed off. Skin exfoiliation and flaking will slow down on skin that is throughly moisturized, impeding the travel of the melanin. Professional formulations offer a richer, browner tan that drug store products which often produce tans with RED undertones.